Steps on How to Create an Emergency Action Plan

Emergency Action Plan

An emergency action plan (EAP) is a plan that addresses emergencies in workplace. These emergencies include fires, tornadoes, hazardous material spills, floods and others. Every EAP follows different steps depending on the building’s codes. However there are a few components that all plans should follow:

An EAP should be in written form and easily accessible to the employees. If a company employs less than 10 employees, the plan can be communicated orally by the employer.

An EAP should include the following:

  • A step by step procedure for reporting any kind of emergency
  • A Fire Action Plan
    • Press the nearest fire alarm button
    • Call the fire brigade if possible
    • Don’t stop to collect your belongings
    • Leave the building by the nearest fire exit
    • Don’t use the lift, use the stair way
    • Report to your assembly point for a head count so that help can be sent out to those who are still inside the building
    • Follow the instructions at the assembly point
    • Don’t return to the building until authorized to do so
  • A layout of all the emergency exits
  • A layout of the building’s floor plan so that anyone stuck can refer to it and get out of the building
  • Color coding the exits so that employees know the right route
  • Different procedures for employees who work critical plant operations
  • Procedures through which employees can be accounted after evacuation
  • Procedures for employees who can perform medical duties
  • An alarm system loud enough that can be heard in the entire building
  • A manifest of all the employees with their names and designation
  • Regular training for employees so that can evacuate in an orderly fashion at the time of the emergency
  • Appoint one employee as a warden to look over 20 employees
  • Wardens should be given special training so that they know the layout of the building
  • The employer must go over the EAP with every employee and make sure they are aware of the changes

A mentioned earlier, every EAP has different steps. Following are for basic steps on how to create an EAP:

Step #1

Review the Building Plans

Have a look at the building’s blue print and identify all potential danger points that can create problems during an emergency situation. Count the multiple exit routes and get the alarms tested. Make sure every floor has a portable fire extinguisher.

Step #2

Create the EAP

Who should be called in an emergency first? Where should the employees report? How will the evacuations take place?

Plan out all these details and assign specific tasks to employees so they know what to do in an emergency. This will allow them to work like a well-oiled machine and prevent panic.

Step #3

Assign Responsibilities

It’s possible that an employee might have to stay behind in the safe zone to make sure that other employees have evacuated. The number one cause of employees dying in an emergency such as a fire is failure to find the exit. Outline the responsibilities for these willing people, as well as directions when they should abandon their post.

Step #4


Run a drill to make sure that the employees are following the plan correctly.

The more detailed your EAP is, the higher the chances that your employees will evacuate the building safely without causing widespread panic. The importance of having a plan draws a thick line between life and death. After such a situation, you might night need cleanup services to restore back the building. To remove smoke and salvage the furniture and equipment, call STOP Restoration. Offering services in Las Vegas, Henderson, North Las Vegas and many other areas, the company specializes in cleanup and restoration of all kinds of disastrous situations. Make a quick call to S.T.OP at (702) 803-3094 for emergency cleaning service