Are Bed Bugs Dangerous, and What Should I Do If I Have Them?

Bed bugs, tiny insects that feed on the blood of humans and animals while they sleep, have become a major concern for many homeowners. While bed bug infestations can be unsettling and disruptive, the question remains: Are bed bugs dangerous, and what should you do if you find them in your home? In this blog post, we'll explore the potential dangers of bed bugs and provide guidance on how to deal with an infestation.

Are Bed Bugs Dangerous?

Bed bugs are not known to transmit diseases like some other pests, such as mosquitoes or ticks. However, their presence can still pose various problems:

  1. Bites and Itching: Bed bug bites can be itchy and uncomfortable. Some people may have allergic reactions to the bites, leading to swelling and more severe itching.
  2. Skin Infections: Scratching bed bug bites can break the skin, making it susceptible to infection. Secondary skin infections can occur if bites are not treated properly.
  3. Mental Health Impact: Dealing with a bed bug infestation can be mentally distressing. The stress, anxiety, and loss of sleep resulting from infestations can have a significant impact on mental well-being.
  4. Financial Costs: Eliminating a bed bug infestation can be costly. Professional pest control services, replacement of infested furniture, and cleaning expenses can add up quickly.
  5. Social Stigma: Bed bug infestations can carry a social stigma. People may fear visiting your home or inviting you to theirs if they know you have a bed bug problem.

What Should You Do If You Have Bed Bugs?

Discovering bed bugs in your home can be alarming, but it's essential to take a systematic approach to address the issue:

  1. Confirm the Infestation: Make sure you indeed have a bed bug problem. Look for physical signs such as live bugs, shed skins, and small reddish-brown fecal spots on bedding or furniture.
  2. Isolate and Clean Affected Items: Isolate infested items in sealed plastic bags to prevent the bugs from spreading. Wash bedding, linens, and clothing in hot water and dry them on the hottest setting. Vacuum thoroughly, paying close attention to seams, cracks, and crevices.
  3. Consult a Pest Control Professional: Bed bugs are notoriously challenging to eliminate on your own. It's highly recommended to seek the services of a licensed pest control professional who specializes in bed bug treatments.
  4. Follow Professional Advice: Once you've hired a pest control expert, follow their guidance closely. This may involve preparing your home for treatment, discarding heavily infested items, and vacating the premises during treatment. It is also a good idea to hire a professional bio hazard mitigation company like STOP Restoration of Spokane, who are trained in cleaning remnants left from bug infestations. These can leave behind not only carcasses and skin, but also human blood they already ate.
  5. Prevent Reinfestation: After treatment, take preventive measures to avoid future infestations. Be cautious when traveling to prevent bringing bed bugs back into your home. Regularly inspect your sleeping and sitting areas for signs of bed bugs.
  6. Monitor for Reoccurrence: Even after treatment, it's essential to monitor for signs of reinfestation. Bed bugs are resilient, and a few survivors can quickly multiply.


While bed bugs are not known to transmit diseases, they can still be a nuisance and pose several challenges. Their bites can be itchy and uncomfortable, and dealing with an infestation can be mentally and financially draining. If you suspect a bed bug infestation in your home, it's crucial to take prompt action.

Consult with a pest control professional for effective treatment, and be diligent in following their recommendations. By addressing the problem promptly, isolating affected items, and taking preventive measures, you can successfully rid your home of bed bugs and minimize the associated inconveniences. Remember that early detection and professional assistance are key to effectively managing a bed bug infestation.